ecancermedicalscience

Research

Effect of age of initiation of mammography breast cancer screening

28 Jun 2024
Isabel Saffie-Vega, Sergio Muñoz-Navarro, Macarena Manríquez-Mimica, Jorge Sapunar-Zenteno

Introduction: Mammography is an excellent resource to reduce the burden of premature death associated with breast cancer; however, screening is only recommended between the ages of 50 and 69 years.

General objective: To compare the frequency of suspicious and non-diagnostic mammograms for breast cancer when screening Chilean women between the ages of 40 and 50 years.

Patients and methods: Cross-sectional study nested in a breast cancer screening programme in Chilean women >40 years old, conducted between 2017 and 2021. Demographic variables and risk factors are described. To establish the effect of age on screening, we calculated the number needed to screen for a Breast Imaging Reporting and Data Reporting System 4 or 5 mammogram when screening over 40 years or over 50 years.

Results: We studied 137,690 women screened for breast cancer since the age of 40 years. The median age was 54 years (range 40–93 years). 64.7% of women were postmenopausal, 4.79% were nulliparous and 14% of post-menopausal women were receiving hormone replacement therapy. To find a suspicious mammogram, 170 women over 40 years and 149 women over 50 years would have to be screened.

Conclusion: By changing the starting age of screening from 50 to 40 years 21 more women would have to be screened to detect a suspicious mammogram and if screened from age 50 and not from age 40 years 21% of total suspicious mammograms would remain unidentified.

Related Articles

Mohammad Saad Salim Naviwala, Mirza Rameez Samar, Daania Shoaib, Fizza Akbar, Romana Idrees, Yasmin Abdul Rashid
Johannes Matthias Weimer, Eva Kuhn, Michael Ludwig, Goodluck Lincoln Malle, Godfrid Kapipi, Valentin Sebastian Schäfer, Adnan Sadiq, Oliver Henke
Raúl Sandoval-Ato, Patricia Coral-Gonzales, Sebastian Coronel-Arias, Luisa Espinoza-Mantilla, Grace Terrones-Chaparro, Victor Serna-Alarcón
Francisco E Villanueva, Natalia S Jara, Valentina Darlic