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Research

Aligning outcomes: DLBCL prognosis at a 4th Level University Hospital in Bogotá is comparable to high-income nations, identification of additional prognostic markers for overall survival and relapse

20 Jun 2024
Nicolás Duque Clavijo, Juana Catalina Figueroa Aguirre, Claudia del Pilar Agudelo Lopez, Andrés Armando Borda, Beatriz Wills, Guillermo Enrique Quintero Vega

Introduction: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), a prevalent non-Hodgkin lymphoma subtype, displays diverse clinical outcomes with persistently high mortality and relapse rates, despite treatment advancements. Notably, the Hispanic demographic lacks consideration in existing prognostic indices for DLBCL.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study encompassing 112 DLBCL patients diagnosed between 2010 and 2020 was conducted at our institution. Patient data, including overall survival (OS), treatment response, and relapse, were analysed.

Results: With a median age of 65 years and a predominant male population (60.7%), both the International Prognostic Index (IPI) and revised IPI correlated with OS. In multivariate analysis, patients with ki-67 ≥ 60% exhibited higher mortality risk (Hazard Ratio: 2.35, 95% confidence intervals (CI) 1.05–5.27, p = 0.039), even when controlled by IPI category and B2-microglobulin levels. The absence of B symptoms served as a protective factor for relapse (p < 0.01, OR: 0.147, 95% CI 0.058–0.376) when controlling for ki-67, CD5, and IPI.

Conclusion: Our cohort demonstrated a 5-year OS rate comparable to high-income countries, highlighting the need for tailored prognostic models for Hispanic DLBCL patients. This study identifies easily accessible parameters aligning with regional resource constraints, providing insights into additional prognostic factors for DLBCL in the Hispanic population.

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