Immunohistochemical subtype and its relationship with 5-year overall survival in breast cancer patients

16 Feb 2023
Pablo Aldaz-Roldán, Diego F Pardo-Vásquez, Geanella N Chamba-Morales, Daniel F Aguirre-Reyes, Johana M Castillo-Calvas, Gabriela Noblecilla-Arévalo

Background: Breast cancer (BC) is the malignant tumour that has been most frequently diagnosed, being the second most common cancer worldwide and the most frequent in women.

Objective: To analyse the probability of 5-year overall survival according to age, stage of disease, immunohistochemical subtype, histological grade and histological type in patients with BC.

Methodology: Operational research that used a cohort design of patients diagnosed with BC at the SOLCA Núcleo de Loja-Ecuador Hospital from 2009 to 2015 and with follow-up until December 2019. Survival was estimated with the actuarial method and Kaplan–Meier method, and, for multivariate analysis, the proportional hazards model or Cox regression was used to estimate the adjusted Hazard Ratios (HRs).

Results: Two hundred and sixty-eight patients were studied. Mean overall survival was 4.35 years (95% confidence interval (95% CI): 40.20–4.51) and 66% survived to 5 years. The main predictors of survival were advanced stage of disease (III–IV) (HR = 7.03; 95% CI: 3.81–12.9); patients human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-neu (HER2-neu) overexpressed (HR = 2.26; 95% CI = 1.31–4.75) and triple negative (HR = 2.57; 95% CI = 1.39–4.75). The other variables were not significant.

Conclusions: The results show a higher mortality associated with higher clinical stage, more aggressive histological grades and immunohistochemical subtype HER2-neu overexpressed and triple negative tumours.

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