The increasing use of nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) and skin-sparing mastectomy (SSM) in the treatment of nonmetastatic breast cancer is justified by considerations linked to their therapeutic index. In selected patients, efficacy results tend to be similar to those observed after radical modified mastectomy and at the same time, subcutaneous mastectomies preserve the patient’s body image. Yet the oncologic safety of the two former surgical approaches is still a matter of debate, also in consideration of the almost complete absence of clinical studies directed to prospective, controlled comparisons between subcutaneous and radical modified mastectomies. In addition, no clear statement—and consequently no consensus—emerges from the rather rare reports addressing the issue of whether or not there exist robust algorithms for guiding decision-making in delivering postoperative radiotherapy after NSM or SSM. The objective of the present review article is to revisit the dataset recently provided by the literature, which might help oncology teams optimise local treatment in this patient population.