ecancermedicalscience

Clinical Study

Breast cancer in Angola, molecular subtypes: a first glance

30 Aug 2017
Fernando Miguel, Lygia Vieira Lopes, Eduardo Ferreira, Emília Ribas, Alexis Fuentes Pelaez, Conceição Leal, Teresina Amaro, Paula Lopes, Cristina Mendes Santos, Carlos Lopes, Lúcio Lara Santos

Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the breast cancer (BC) molecular subtypes according to its surrogate immunohistochemistry (IHC) markers. We conducted a preliminary study, to correlate the clinical pathological profiles and molecular subtypes of breast cancer in Luanda, Angola.

Methods: From January 2011 to 30 December 2014, 140 consecutive cases of microscopically confirmed invasive breast carcinoma were classified regarding histology and IHC (ER, PR, HER2, and Ki-67). Surrogate molecular subtypes were classified according to ESMO recommendations.

Results: All patients were female; the median age was 47 years (24–84 years). Invasive carcinoma NST was the most common type (91.4%) and grade 2 was prevalent (70.7%). Most tumours were locally advanced (stage III – 65% and stage IV – 3.6%). In 140 studied cases, 74 (52.8%) malignancies were hormone receptor positive; 25.7% were luminal A like, 19.3% luminal B and HER2 negative like, 7.9%
luminal B and HER2-positive like, 15.7% HER2 positive, and 31.4% were triple negative.

Conclusion: Women’s BC in Luanda-Angola is diagnosed at a young age and at an advanced stage. The two predominant molecular subtypes are HR positive and triple negative. The percentage of HER2-positive BC cases was high. Determining the molecular subtype using surrogate IHC markers has important treatment and prognostic implications for Angolan women with BC. There is an urgent need to
study a prospective BC series in order to confirm the present results.

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