Outcomes of locally advanced gastric and gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma cancers treated with neoadjuvant FLOT in a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan

21 May 2024
Tasneem Dawood, Yasmin Abdul Rashid, Saqib Raza Khan, Adnan Abdul Jabbar, Muhammad Nauman Zahir, Munira Shabbir Moosajee

Background and aim: Docetaxel, oxaliplatin, leucovorin and 5-fluorouracil (FLOT) may improve overall survival (OS) in patients with locally advanced gastric and gastroesophageal cancer. Our study aims to determine the pathological response in these patients with the FLOT chemotherapy in the Neoadjuvant setting. This is the first study conducted in our country.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study from March 2018 to December 2020. After ethical review committee approval, all patients who fulfilled the inclusion criteria and received treatment at our tertiary care center were included in the study. SPSS version 22 was used for data analysis. Frequencies and percentages were calculated for categorical. Values were presented as mean ± standard deviation (SD) for continuous variables. The chi-square test was used to determine the difference between categorical variables. A p-value of ≤0.05 was considered the level of significance. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to calculate survival analysis.

Results: Out of 41, 35 patients with locally advanced resectable gastric or gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma were included in our study analysis. The entire cohort had a male predominance, with a mean age of 59. All patients received neoadjuvant FLOT. Pathological treatment response achieved was 77%, of which 66% had partial and 11% had complete response. There is a significant association of pathological response with age, gender, stage, grade, co-morbid and number of chemotherapy cycles received (p-value =<0.05). The OS was 80% with the mean OS was 2.6 years (31 months).

Conclusion: Our study shows comparable response rates to other studies conducted internationally. Our findings confirm that FLOT is an effective and well-tolerated perioperative regimen with reasonable response rates in the Pakistani population. A more extensive longitudinal study would ensure these preliminary results in the local patient population.

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