Case Report

A parathyroid carcinoma within a cold thyroid nodule

18 Sep 2009
L Travaini, G Trifiro, G Paganelli

We report the case of a 71-year-old woman who was referred to our institute with a solid nodule in the right thyroid lobe and hypercalcemia. Ultrasound revealed a well-vascularized right thyroid nodule that was identified as a cold area by 99mTc-sodium pertechnetate scan. Fine-needle aspiration showed a follicular lesion and blood tests revealed hypercalcemia and hyperparathyroidism. A 99mTc-methoxyisobutylisonitrile (99mTc-Sestamibi) scan was subsequently performed revealing a focal area of increased uptake in the right thyroid lobe, within the cold area detected by the thyroid scan. A right emithyroidectomy and right superior and inferior parathyroidectomy was performed and histopathological examination showed a parathyroid carcinoma (immunohistochemistry positive for PTH and chromogranin A, Ki-67 10%) associated with follicular hyperplasia.

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