ecancermedicalscience

Research

Knowledge and practice regarding the behavioural risks of cancer among college students in Ethiopia

13 Jan 2022
Foziya Mohammed Hussien, Anissa Mohammed Hassen, Zinet Abegaz Asfaw, Aragaw Yimer Ahmed, Yeshimebet Ali Dawed, Ahmed Hussien Asfaw, Erkihun Tadesse Amsalu, Hamid Yimam Hassen

In recent years, morbidity and mortality due to cancer has been increasing in Ethiopia, putting it among the most important public health issues. Cancer and associated complications can be prevented provided that effective interventions are put in place to control risk factors. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the level of knowledge and practice of preventable behavioural risk factors of cancer. We conducted a cross-sectional study among 200 college students in Northeast Ethiopia utilising quantitative methods of data collection. Data on socioeconomic characteristics, health belief variables, knowledge and behavioural risk factors (alcohol consumption, tobacco smoking, physical activity and dietary practice) were collected. The level of knowledge and practice was summarised using descriptive statistics. To investigate the variation in knowledge and practice across sociodemographic characteristics, we performed Pearson Chi-square test or Fisher’s exact test. The majority (81.0%) of participants was male and 82.0% were in the age group of 18–24 years. More than half (61.0%) of them had poor knowledge about the behavioural risk factors of cancer. Nearly one-third (30.5%) consume alcohol, whereas 16.0%, 18.0% and 20.0%, respectively, smoke tobacco, consume street food and packed-fried snacks daily. Alcohol consumption (p = 0.02) and level of vigorous physical activity (p = 0.001) were significantly higher among males than females. Alcohol consumption, tobacco smoking and unhealthy dietary practice were remarkably high, whereas knowledge towards the behavioural risk factors was low. Therefore, health education and collaborative action between different sectors are needed to counter the emerging problem.

Related Articles

Jorge Luna-Abanto, Luis Gamarra, Darwin Desposorio Armestar, Benjamin Huamanchau Condori, Grivette Betsy Mendoza Tisoc, Gustavo Flores Trujillo, Elily Apumayta, Tessy Tairo-Cerron, César Centurión-Rodriguez, Luis García Ruiz, Jossué Espinoza-Figueroa, Karoll Tatiana Meza Garcia, Jorge Navarro Yovera, Milward Ubillús Trujillo, Gustavo Sarria
Julia Downing, Eve Namisango, Stephen Connor, Patricia Batanda, Lisa Christine Irumba, Berna Basemera, Alfred Jatho, Sylvia Nakami, Harriet Nalubega, Antonia Kamate, Dianah Basirika, Joyce Zalwango, Mable Nammudu, Wedzerai Chiyoka, Francis Kayondo, David Byaruhanga, Eugene Rusanganwa, Helena Davis, Stephen Watiti, Babe Gaolebale, Lacey N Ahern, Lydia Thomas, Emmanuel Luyirika
Deevyashali Parekh, Vijay M Patil, Kavita Nawale, Vanita Noronha, Nandini Menon, Sucheta More, Supriya Goud, Srushti Jain, Vijayalakshmi Mathrudev, Zoya Peelay, Sachin Dhumal, Shweta Jogdhankar, Kumar Prabhash
Ana Teresa Vilares, Riccardo Ciabattoni, Teresa Margarida Cunha, Ana Félix
Yassine Benhaddouch, Samia Khalfi, Soumaya Benmaamar, Chaymae Marzouki, Nour El Houda Fares, Mohamed Sbai, Kaoutar Soussy, Bouthaina Assenhaji, Hajar Filali, Youssef Aghlallou, Amine Bout, Chadia Aarab, Rachid Aalouane, Fatimazahra Farhane, Zenab Alami, Touria Bouhafa