ecancermedicalscience

Review

Nursing diagnoses in adult/elderly patients undergoing outpatient antineoplastic chemotherapy: a review

3 May 2017
Rafael Tavares Jomar, Rebeca Anselmo Furtado Gomes, Dayana Carvalho Leite, Helena Ferraz Gomes, Ellen Marcia Peres, Eugenio Fuentes Perez Junior

Objective: To search in the scientific literature for nursing diagnoses identified in adult/elderly patients undergoing antineoplastic chemotherapy in an outpatient setting.

Methods: Review of studies published in Portuguese, English, or Spanish which were searched in five electronic databases in March 2016, using the descriptors nursing process, nursing diagnosis, neoplasms, drug therapy and hospital outpatient clinic.

Results: In the four studies selected for review, 40 nursing diagnoses were identified, namely unbalanced nutrition, less than body requirements, risk of deficient fluid volume, diarrhoea, fatigue, impaired home maintenance, deficient knowledge, disturbed body image, interrupted family processes, ineffective sexuality pattern, anxiety, powerlessness, fear, readiness for enhanced religiosity, risk of infection,
impaired dentition, risk of impaired skin integrity, acute pain, and nausea.

Conclusions: The nursing diagnoses identified can support the selection of interventions and the creation of nursing guidelines in outpatient oncology services.