Survival rate of cervical cancer: a five year review at a Major Teaching Hospital in Ghana, West Africa

1 Feb 2024
Joseph Daniels, Kwesi Asante, Judith Naa Odey Tackie, Kofi Adesi Kyei

Cervical cancer (CC) is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths among females in Ghana. Despite the magnitude of the public health challenge posed by CC in Ghana, survival data as well as reported incidence and mortality rates are primarily based on studies conducted in the capital city of the country. Even though age at diagnosis is known to affect the overall survival of CC patients, the role of this factor in the prognosis of CC patients in Ghana has not been sufficiently explored. The aim of this study was to determine the 5-year survival rate of Ghanaian woman treated for CC at a large tertiary healthcare facility in Ghana. This research was a single-institution-based quantitative retrospective cohort study conducted among patients with histopathologically confirmed CC. Clinical and socio-demographic data were retrieved from patients’ medical records. Data analysis was done using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software version 23. Kaplan Meier curves were used to present the survival rates and median survival time. The peak age at diagnosis was between 45 and 80 years with the modal age group of patients between 75 and 80 years. The mean age at diagnosis was 63.3 ± 15.7 years ranging from 27 to 104 years. The overall survival rates at 1, 3 and 5 years were 76.5%, 51.5% and 32.4%, respectively. The median survival time was 65.8 months. Age < 50 years was associated with higher survival estimates than age >50 years. The 5-year overall survival rate of CC patients reported in this study (32.4%) is relatively low compared with countries in the developed world but like previous reports at other healthcare facilities in Ghana as well as in other underdeveloped countries.

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