ecancermedicalscience

Research

Health-related quality of life assessment among patients with oesophageal cancer at Tikur Anbessa Specialised Tertiary Hospital in Ethiopia: a cross sectional study

18 Jan 2024
Jilcha Diribi Feyisa, Adamu Addissie, Eva Johanna Kantelhardt, Girum Tessema Zingeta, Hiwot Saboksa Mideksa, Helen GebreLibanos, Tariku Mengesha, Mathewos Assefa

Background: In low-income countries, oesophageal cancer often presents at an advanced stage, leaving patients with limited curative treatment options. Furthermore, palliative treatments such as oesophageal stents or brachytherapy are lacking. This has a detrimental effect on their quality of life. In this study, we investigated the health-related quality of life of patients with oesophageal cancer at a tertiary hospital in Ethiopia.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Tikur Anbessa Specialised Tertiary Hospital in Ethiopia. The validated Amharic version of the questionnaire of the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Core Quality of Life Questionnaire Cancer 30 (EORTC QLQ C-30) and the oesophageal cancer disease-specific questionnaire QLQ-OES18 were used to assess the quality of life of each patient.

Results: The overall mean score for the EORTC QLQ C-30 was 35.43 (SD 18.04). The mean scores for the functional scales revealed that cognitive function was the highest, whereas role function was the lowest. The symptom scale results showed the highest score for pain and the lowest for diarrhoea. Dysphagia, choking, role functioning and financial difficulty correlated with the quality of life of patients with oesophageal cancer.

Conclusion: Dysphagia, choking, role functioning and financial difficulty are important factors that affect the quality of life of patients with oesophageal cancer patients. Increasing the availability of palliative treatments for dysphagia to improve the quality of life in patients with oesophageal cancer is recommended.

Related Articles

Álvaro M C Caldas, Warley A Nunes, Rodrigo Taboada, Marcelle G Cesca, Janaína N Germano, Rachel P Riechelmann
Mirza Rameez Samar, Bakhtawar Masood, Nida E Zehra, Tahir Munir, Misbah Younus Soomro, Muhammad Arif Hameed, Insia Ali, Yasmin Abdul Rashid
Eva Maria Ruiz de Castilla, Maurice Mayrides, Haydée González, Francisco Vidangossy, Tatiana Corbeaux, Nancy Ortiz, Claudia Amaya, Alexandra Nuñez, Diego Fernando Jimbo Jimbo, Adela Ayensa, Mayra Galindo, Karla Ruiz, Juan Manuel Pérez
Edgar Fermín Yan-Quiroz, Folker Mijaíl Agreda-Castro, Lita Diaz-Lozano, Richard Tenazoa-Villalobos, Lissett Jeanette Fernández-Rodríguez
Marcelle G Cesca, Erika Ruiz-Garcia, Rui Weschenfelder, Nathalia D'Agustini, Soledad Iseas, Romina Luca, Juan Manuel O'Connor, Renata D'Alpino, Allan A Pereira, Celso A Mello, Samuel Aguiar Jr, Virgilio Souza e Silva, Rachel P Riechelmann