Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs): what do we currently know about the effect they have against anti-PD-1/PD-L1 therapies?

5 Jun 2023
Ronald Sergio Limón Tellez, Lucia Reynolds, Miguel A Piris

Recent advances in cancer treatment such as PD-1/PD-L1 checkpoint inhibitors have prompted multiple research studies to determine all of the factors that influence response or failure to these new treatments. One of those identified factors is myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs). These cells were identified and described for the first time in 2007 in laboratory mice and cancer patients. Previous studies showed that a greater number of MDSCs was directly related to a greater tumour volume. There are two clearly identified subpopulations: Mononuclear-type myeloid-derived suppressor cells (M-MDSCs) and polymorphonuclear (PMN-MDSCs). These cell population subtypes play a very important role, depending on the type of cancer, since they have the particularity of expressing PD-L1, which interacts with PD-1, inhibiting the expansion of cytotoxic T lymphocytes, promoting resistance to these treatments.

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