Burnout among physicians and caregivers in oncology: the Moroccan experience

17 Nov 2022
Yassine Benhaddouch, Samia Khalfi, Soumaya Benmaamar, Chaymae Marzouki, Nour El Houda Fares, Mohamed Sbai, Kaoutar Soussy, Bouthaina Assenhaji, Hajar Filali, Youssef Aghlallou, Amine Bout, Chadia Aarab, Rachid Aalouane, Fatimazahra Farhane, Zenab Alami, Touria Bouhafa

Purpose: Caregivers in radiation oncology are exposed to a high risk of burnout which sometimes causes serious consequences for their health, which can in turn affect patient care. In this study, we investigated the prevalence of burnout and its psychological impact on health professionals and determined the factors that predispose to the risk of burnout.

Methods and materials: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with descriptive and analytical purposes among the different teams within the oncology and radiotherapy departments in different hospitals (CHU and regional hospitals) in Morocco, through an online self-questionnaire composed of sociodemographic data, professional data, working conditions, an assessment of interfering factors, the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), the Generalised Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) scale and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) scale.

Results: One hundred and eighteen caregivers participated in this evaluation. 62.7% were physicians, 75.4% worked in university hospitals and 53.4% were in radiotherapy departments. Analysis of the three dimensions of the Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) score found high scores in the dimensions of emotional exhaustion (81.4%) and depersonalisation (79.7%), and low scores in decreased personal accomplishment (46.6%). The evaluation of the impacts of burnout in the latter found a mean of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) at 12.45 + 7.84 and the mean of the GAD-7 at 9.73 + 5.98.

Conclusion: Our results are in line with those found in the literature, hence the need for screening and active prevention of burnout among radiation oncology caregivers.

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