Case Report

Integration of cervical cancer screening into HIV/AIDS care in low income countries: a moral imperative

20 May 2021
Chemtai Mungo, Emily Barker, Magdalene Randa, Jeniffer Ambaka, Cirilus Ogollah Osongo

Although cervical cancer is preventable, in 2018, approximately 570,000 new cases occurred globally. Cervical cancer disproportionately affects low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), which accounted for 90% of deaths in 2018. Women living with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (WLWH) are at increased risk of cervical cancer and are in urgent need of prevention. Despite evidence-based guidelines for screening and prevention of cervical cancer, the majority of WLWH in LMICs lack access to cervical cancer screening. Despite tremendous gains made in access to life prolonging antiretroviral therapy for WLWH, most are served by vertical human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) programmes which do not integrate these two crucial services. We present a case of a WLWH, in HIV care for a decade, who was recently diagnosed with preventable, advanced stage cervical cancer.

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