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Effect of radiation dose to the periventricular zone and subventricular zone on survival in anaplastic gliomas

31 Jul 2019
Deepthi Valiyaveettil, Monica Malik, Deepa M Joseph

Purpose: Evidence suggests a correlation of subventricular zone (SVZ) irradiation on survival. Most of the data have been analysed in glioblastoma patients. The aim of this study is to analyse the dose to the subventricular and periventricular zone and its outcomes in anaplastic gliomas.

Materials and methods: A retrospective analysis of patients with anaplastic gliomas were admitted for post-chemoradiation from January 2010 to June 2016 was done from treatment records. SVZ was contoured as 5 mm expansion along the lateral margin of the lateral ventricles, and PVZ was contoured as 5 mm lateral expansion adjacent to ventricles. Dosimetric data were collected from the treatment planning system.

Results: Ninety-five patients were included in the analysis. The median age was 35 years. Two- and five-year overall survival (OS) for the entire group was 84% and 54.2%, respectively. Two- and five-year progression-free survival (PFS) was 79.8% and 50.6%, respectively. Patients receiving <54 Gy to the i/l SVZ showed a significantly better PFS and OS. 5-Year OS was 72.6% in this group compared to 37% for the group receiving ≥54 Gy (p = 0.01). Five-year PFS was 69.9% in this group compared to 31.9% for the group receiving ≥54 Gy (p = 0.02). However, this was not significant in multivariate analysis.

Conclusion: Increased dose to the ipsilateral SVZ does not correlate with improved survival in anaplastic gliomas. There is conflicting evidence regarding the benefit of irradiating the stem cell zones. Future studies should focus on optimizing doses to these areas to reduce detriment in neurocognition.

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