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Prostate-specific antigen-based screening in Afro-Caribbean men: a survey of members of the Caribbean Urological Association

11 Jun 2018
Satyendra Persaud, William D Aiken

Objectives: To examine the attitudes, beliefs and practices of Caribbean urologists regarding prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based screening in the Caribbean region particularly as it relates to Afro-Caribbean men.

Design: An Internet-based descriptive cross-sectional study using a standardised questionnaire designed to capture information on respondents’ attitudes, beliefs and practices towards PSA-based screening was conducted using the online survey tool Survey Monkey among known urologists in the Caribbean, based on the complete mailing list of the membership of the Caribbean Urological Association.

Results: Thirty of the total population of 40 urologists (75%) from nine countries in the Caribbean completed the survey. Twelve (40%) were from Jamaica and eight (26.7%) were from Trinidad. Two-thirds (n = 20) of the urologists believed that PSA-based screening has positively impacted survival in their population and 76.7% (n = 23) supported the PSA-based screening in the Afro-Caribbean male. Seventy-eight percent believed that guidelines from other countries were not applicable to the Caribbean and 63% believed that a regional body should publish its own guidelines. Most supported yearly screening with the PSA and digital rectal examination beginning at age 40 for Afro-Caribbean men but opinion varied regarding PSA-based screening of Indo-Caribbean men. Respondents were unanimous in their belief that there should be an upper age limit for screening, 75 years old being the most commonly reported.

Conclusion: Most Caribbean urologists favour PSA-based screening in Afro-Caribbean men and recommend that Caribbean-specific guidelines need to be drafted.

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