Dr Karl-Josef Kallen talks to ecancertv at the 1st Immunotherapy of Cancer Conference ( ITOC ) in Munich.
CureVac have developed Messenger RNA vaccines through mouse models which are now being tested in Phase I and II trials.
mRNA is known as a nucleic acid molecule that encodes proteins but it is highly unstable so difficult use, however the team have found a stable method to use it.
The vaccines can enhance protein expression by around 100,000 times, increase T-Cell memory response, and are suitable for use in combination with anti-PD1 antibodies.
The vaccines activate the immune system and are relatively cheap to produce.
The team combined several antigens in one vaccine cocktail, a method designed to increase improved survival.
A phase I trial in prostate carcinoma was carried out increasing median overall survival from 16.5 (predicted by the Halabi nomogram score) to 31 months with 44 patients, and a phase IIb trial is underway with 200 patients.
Investigations are also underway in the neo-adjuvant setting and in NSCLC.