Bristol-Myers Squibb today announced results from the pooled analysis of two studies (CheckMate -017 and -057) of 5 year overall survival (OS) in patients with previously-treated advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
At five years, patients who were treated with nivolumab experienced a five-fold increase in long-term OS benefit versus docetaxel, with OS rates of 13.4% versus 2.6%, respectively.
The primary endpoint of OS benefit (CheckMate 017 mOS 9.2 vs 6.0 months, HR 0.59, 95% CI 0.4, 0.79; p<0.001; CheckMate 057 mOS 12.2 vs 9.4 months, HR 0.73, 96% CI 0.59, 0.89; p=0.002) for nivolumab-treated patients was observed across all subgroups.
The safety profile for patients treated with nivolumab was consistent with previously reported findings in second-line NSCLC and no new safety signals were seen with extended follow-up.
Of patients still on study, only two of 70 (1.4%) experienced a new treatment-related select adverse event (AE) between years three and four and there were no new treatment-related select AEs reported between years four and five among the 55 patients still on the study.
Among patients with an objective response to nivolumab, 32.2% continued to see a response at five years compared to 0% on docetaxel.
The median duration of response was 19.9 months for nivolumab-treated patients versus 5.6 months for docetaxel.
Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer death in the UK and accounts for 21% of all cancer deaths.
NSCLC accounts for nearly 90% of all lung cancer cases.
There are around 47,200 new lung cancer cases diagnosed in the UK every year and around three-quarters of lung cancer cases are diagnosed at a late stage (where the cancer has spread to other parts of the body) in England.
“We are delighted with the results of the pooled analysis, which demonstrate the long-term survival outcomes, in a large patient population, and provides evidence of the five year durability of nivolumab,”said Faisal Mehmud, UK Country Medical Director, Bristol-Myers Squibb.
“IO has become an important treatment option for patients living with NSCLC and these data help to reinforce the place of nivolumab in the treatment pathway.”
Source: Bristol-Myers Squibb