Our website uses cookies to improve your on-site experience. By using the website, cookies are being used as described in our Policy Document
Warning: To log in you will need to enable cookies and reload the page (Policy Document)
My ePortfolio Register   
 

Abstract | Full HTML Article | PDF | Spanish ecancer 12 884 / https://doi.org/10.3332/ecancer.2018.884

Research

Detection of precancerous lesions in the cervix and HPV infection in women in the region of Maniapure, Bolivar State

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the causative agent of cervical cancer (CC), the second most common cause of cancer deaths in Venezuela. Early detection and prompt treatment of precancerous lesions prevent up to 80% of CC cases. In Venezuela, difficult access to CC screening means that the disease is detected at advanced stages, especially in more vulnerable indigenous populations. The aim of the study was to detect precancerous cervical lesions and HPV infection in 60 women who attended the gynaecology service at the Maniapure Outpatient Clinic in Bolivar State, Venezuela. The study was carried out to detect precancerous cervical lesions using visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA), the Schiller test and conventional cytology (Pap testing). HPV detection and typing were carried out using the polymerase chain reaction. 58.3% of the women in the study belonged to the Eñepa indigenous community and 41.7% were white Creole women. The Schiller test showed irregularities in the staining of the exocervical epithelium in 8.33% of the patients, suggesting HPV infection. VIA was positive for 10.0% of the women. In the cytopathology report, 81.67% tested negative for intraepithelial lesions. The overall frequency of HPV detection was 35.0%. HPV infection was detected in 45.71% of the Eñepa women and 20.0% of the Creole women. 71.43% of the women had a high-risk single HPV infection. The percentage of viral infection was lower in the Creole patients than in the indigenous population; therefore, CC screening programmes in the latter population need to be improved.

Keywords: precancerous lesions, HPV, Schiller test, visual inspection, cervix

Loading Article Metrics ... Please wait

Related articles

Review: Women’s cancers: how the discovery of BRCA genes is driving current concepts of cancer biology and therapeutics

Abstract | Full Article | PDF Published: 14 Feb 2019 / https://doi.org/10.3332/ecancer.2019.904

Clinical Study: Plasma neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin and factors related to acute kidney injury and mortality in critically ill cancer patients

Abstract | Full Article | PDF Published: 14 Feb 2019 / https://doi.org/10.3332/ecancer.2019.903

Research: Papillary breast lesions diagnosed by percutaneous needle biopsy: management approach

Abstract | Full Article | PDF Published: 05 Feb 2019 / https://doi.org/10.3332/ecancer.2019.902

Research: Barriers to the non-acceptance of cervical cancer screenings (pap smear test) in women of childbearing age in a rural area of Peru

Abstract | Full Article | PDF | Spanish Published: 31 Jan 2019 / https://doi.org/10.3332/ecancer.2019.901

Research: ROS1 mutation non-small cell lung cancer—access to optimal treatment and outcomes

Abstract | Full Article | PDF Published: 29 Jan 2019 / https://doi.org/10.3332/ecancer.2019.900



Founding partners

European Cancer Organisation European Institute of Oncology

Founding Charities

Foundazione Umberto Veronesi Fondazione IEO Swiss Bridge

Published by

ecancer Global Foundation