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Abstract | Full HTML Article | PDF ecancer 12 814 / https://doi.org/10.3332/ecancer.2018.814

Case Report

Cauda equina syndrome secondary to leptomeningeal metastases from recurrent primary peritoneal carcinoma

The patient is a 42-year-old woman with metastatic primary peritoneal carcinoma and known brain metastases, who subsequently developed cauda equina syndrome after presenting with ataxia, lower extremity weakness, and bowel and bladder incontinence secondary to leptomeningeal metastasis after treatment with neoadjuvant chemotherapy, surgical debulking, and adjuvant chemotherapy. Metastases to the central nervous system (CNS) and leptomeninges are rare events in epithelial ovarian and primary peritoneal carcinomas as these tumours do not have a predilection for the CNS. Cauda equina syndrome is often characterised by gait disturbances, bowel and bladder dysfunction, saddle anaesthesia, and lower extremity muscle weakness. In patients with known metastatic gynaecologic carcinomas presenting with nonspecific neurologic symptoms, cauda equina syndrome should remain high in the differential diagnosis.

Keywords: cauda equina syndrome, primary peritoneal carcinoma, leptomeningeal metastasis

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