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Abstract | Full HTML Article | PDF | Spanish ecancer 10 708 / https://doi.org/10.3332/ecancer.2016.708

Special Issue

Hepatocellular carcinoma in identical twins in Chile: case report

Liver cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death worldwide, with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) being the most common type of primary malignant liver tumour, with a typically poor prognosis, growing incidence and a well-documented relationship with chronic inflammation factors of the liver tissue. Despite the fact that family medical history has been identified as a risk factor for the development of HCC, its significance in terms of etiopathogenesis and prognosis is not well documented. With a view to contributing to this discussion, we will report the clinical case of two identical twins with HCC, both diagnosed within a short period of time, by providing relevant clinical data, and relating this to other medical literature reports that could contribute to a deeper understanding of this illness.

Keywords: hepatocarcinoma (HCC), twins, brothers, relatives, genetics

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European Cancer Organisation European Institute of Oncology

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